Amer Fort is located in Amer, Rajasthan. Amer is located about 11 KM from Jaipur and it is a town with 4 square kilometers area. Originally, Amer was built up by Meenas and later ruled by Maharaja Man Singh I. Amer or Amber obtained its name from the Ambikeshwar Temple, built on the top of Cheel ka Teela. Ambikashwara is a regional alias of Lord Shiva. However, local folks suggest that the fort has obtained its name from Amba, the Mother Goddess Durga. Amer Fort is known for its creative style of the essence. This fort overlooks Maota Lake, which is also the main origin of water for the Amer Palace.
History of Amber Fort
Raja Alan Singh (a ruler from the Chanda clan of Meenas in 967 CE) found the settlement at Amer. During the empire of Raja Man Singh (the Kachwaha King), Amer Fort was constructed over the leftover of its earlier structure. The structure of the fort was fully extended by his successor, Jai Singh I. Even later, Amer Fort underwent additions and improvements by successive rulers for the next 150 years until the capital of Kachwahas was shifted to Jaipur during the time of Sawai Jai Singh II.
Layout of Amber Fort
Amber Fort includes a series of four halls, gardens, and courtyards, which is made up of marble and sandstone. At the entrance of Amer Fort lies the primary courtyard, which is called Jaleb Chowk. At the Jaleb Chowk, the king’s soldiers paraded and assembled themselves around. Chand Pol (Moon Gate) and Suraj Pol (Sun Gate) are the two gates which lead into this courtyard. There at the right side are few small stairs leading to Shila Devi temple.
When you will head inside the fort, there is an upstate staircase from Jaleb Chowk courtyard that will lead you to the second courtyard that houses the Diwan-e-Aam (Hall of Public Audience). The King’s private premises were located on the third courtyard, which can be accessed through the Ganesh Pol. It has two buildings parted by an expansive decorated garden.
From here that you’ll wonder over the fort’s most magnificent part — the Diwan-e-Khas. The walls of Diwan-e-Khas are covered in complex mirror work, using glasses that were imported from Belgium. So, it’s also known as Sheesh Mahal (Hall of Mirrors). The upper part of the Sheesh Mahal, called Jas Mandir, has delicate floral designs within the glass walls.
At the back of the fort is the fourth courtyard and Palace of Man Singh. It is among the oldest fragment of the fort and was completed in 1599. At its center is a booth where the queens meet with each other. The exit of the courtyard leads below to the town of Amber.
Hope you will enjoy your visit there!
- Visiting duration: Around 3 Hours
- Visiting hours: 8:00 am-6:00 pm & 7:00 pm to 9:00 pm
- Photography: Allowed
- Famous For: Monument fort/fortress History & Culture
- Entry Fee: 100 INR (Indians) & 500 INR (Foreigners)