Bikaner is a city situated in the northern locality of Rajasthan. It is one of the earliest established cities; Bikaner still displays its ancient culture through palaces and forts, built of red sandstone. It is also known “Country of the camel”. In 1488 a Rathore prince, Rao Bikaji, founded the kingdom of Bikaner. Bikaji traveled far and when he came upon the wilderness called Jangladesh, he decided to set up his own kingdom and transformed it into an impressive city.
Deshnok Karni Mata Temple
Karni Mata temple is a very famous temple situated at Deshnoke (30 km from Bikaner). It is also known as “Temple of rats”. This temple is the most tourist attraction place in Bikaner. The temple is devoted to Karni Mata (Incarnation of Goddess Durga). Living the life of a monastic, Karni Mata was highly respected by the locals. The temple is famous all over India for having 20,000 black rats that live in the temple and are revered. These rats are called as “kababs”. Most nearby residents and people from far off places visit this temple just to pay their respect to these rats.
Gajner Palace and Lake
Primarily, the Gajner Palace in Bikaner was built as a hunting resort at the duration of the British Raj. His Highness Maharaja Sir Ganga Singh of Bikaner built it on the shores of a lake. The Gajner palace is spread over 6000 acres. This royal mansion has hosted several lords, including the Prince of Wales in 1905, Governor General Lord Elgin, Lord Erwin in 1927 and also Lord Mountbatten when he was Viceroy of India. In 1922, this hunting resort was connected to Bikaner Palace by rail. Even after all those years, the palace is elegant and is reminiscent of the olden days.
Lalgarh Palace and Museum
The Lalgarh palace was designed by Sir Swinton Jacob and built by Maharaja Ganga Singh. This grand architecture was built using red sandstones. This Palace is a classic example of European, Mughal and Indian architecture, and is famous all over world for its lattice sandstone. The palace also houses the fourth largest private library in the world a museum. The complex features elaborate fireplaces, magnificent pillars, intricate latticework, Italian colonnades and filigree work. The Karni Niwas wing houses an art Deco indoor swimming pool and the Darbar hall. A vast collection of artifacts, hunting trophies, Georgian paintings and photographs are put on display for tourists in the gallery. Moreover, the museum has a separate section dedicated to each king displaying their life and heroic deeds.
Ganga Government Museum
In 1937, these acquired art treasures from the various parts of the state were housed in a newly constructed building during the Golden Jubilee celebration of Maharaja Ganga Singh’s reign. He himself spared a number of other objects of general interest from his own palace to the museum. The building was then named as Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum and was inaugurated on 5th November 1937 by the then Governor General of India, Lord Linlithgow. In the year 1950, the museum was taken over by the Government of Rajasthan under the Department of Archaeology and Museums and was renamed as Ganga Government Museum. Described as the best museum in the State, the museum contains a rich display of archaeological artifacts from Harappa and the early Gupta periods. There are separate sections for paintings, arts and crafts, woven carpets, clay pottery, ancient coins, and Rajput weaponry.
The Junagarh Fort of Bikaner is a magnificent structure around which the city of Bikaner grew up. The foundations of the Junagarh fort were built in 1478 by Rao Bika. The fort was initially called Chintamani and was then renamed as the Junagarh or Old Fort in the 20th century. The foundations of the Junagarh fort were built in 1478 by Rao Bika. However, it existed just as a stone fort then. The present grand structure was inaugurated on 17th February 1589. Besides having a rich history, the Junagarh Fort is a feat of architecture.
Camel Festival in Bikaner is a two-day event organized annually in January in the land of camels, Bikaner which is situated in the north-west Indian state of Rajasthan. This Festival is a grand celebration of the rich culture of Bikaner that draws tourists from all over the world to this land of camels. The event has camel safaris, camel rides, processions, folk dance, and various other cultural activities and competitions. On the occasion of the festival, the camels are dresses in bright and colorful ornaments and bridles. The burst of vibrant colors in the golden dunes is a sight that cannot match any other celebration in the world.
The Royal Cenotaph
The Royal Cenotaphs is the cremation ground of the royal families of Bikaner. It is an architectural treat for tourists. Here Most of the old ones are made of Dulmera red sandstone whereas in the later one’s marble has also been used widely. The stone carvings in both styles are noticeable. The earliest cenotaph is of Rao Kalyanmal, the ruler of Bikaner from 1542-71 A.D. and the last cenotaph is of Maharaja Karni Singh (1950-88A.D). This marvelous place is based on 16 pillars and bears craving depicting acts of Lord Krishna, floral patterns, peacocks, etc.
Sadul Singh Museum
The Sadul Singh Museum is one of the main sights of Bikaner, which is situated within Lalgarh Palace. In this museum, various items of the royal family, various items used by the royal family have been used. Different pictures of different generations of the royal family have been put together one by one in a good way and one by one. There are many things here that can be seen by the royal family, such as Royal Buggy, projector and even the train brought by Bikaner by Maharaja Ganga Singh Ji. If you are interested in history you can spend a few hours very easily.