Barmer is among the larger districts in Rajasthan. The city was founded in the 13th century AD by Bahada Rao or Bar Rao. It came under the rule of the superintendent in the year 1836 after the British came to the district. Barmer was later integrated with the state of Jodhpur in 1891. The township of Barmer was originally named after him as Bahadamer, which means the hill fort of Bahada. This region of Rajasthan is widely known for its rich handicrafts and traditional art forms. Various historical sites present here also make it a popular tourist destination.
The Barmer Fort is built in 1552 AD by Rawat Bhima, located on top of a rocky hill. This fort is also known as Barmer Garh. Hill of Barmer fort is 1383 feet but Rawat Bhima built the fort at height of 676 feet which is a safer place than the top of the hill. It stands as a witness to many historical events. This Hill of Barmer Fort has two important religious places; Top of the hill is the temple of “Jogmaya Devi” (Garh Mandir) which is situated at height of 1383 & at Height of 500 feet there is “Nagnechi Mata temple”, both temples are very famous and have fair during “Navratra festivals”. The rest area is the residence of the former royal family of Barmer. Despite being in a dilapidated condition, this fort has still not lost its glory and continues to be a popular tourist attraction.
Kiradu Temples are a group of five Ancient temples, located at a distance of around 39 km from the city of Barmer, in Hathma village. It is evident from an inscription belonging to 1161 AD that Hathma was once called Kiratkoop and served as the capital of the Panwar dynasty. It is known for the Solanki style of architecture. These temples are dedicated to Lord Shiva and of the five temples, Someshvara temple is the most remarkable. The other four temples present here are dedicated to Vishnu and Shiva. Various scenes from the epic of Ramayana are carved in these temples and the walls contain figures of Apsaras and Villas.
Nakoda Temple, also called Parshvanath Temple, is among the main centers of Jain pilgrimage in India. The temple has an idol of the Jain saint Parshvanath made of black stone. This temple is located on a hill at a height of 1500 ft on the road from Jodhpur to Barmer. It is believed that the temple was built by two brothers, Nakorn and Veersen some 2300 years ago. The idol was installed by His Holiness Jain Acharya Sthulibhadra Suri. Alamshah invaded and looted this temple in the 13th century and failed to steal the idol as it was hidden in a village a few miles away. It believed that the Parsvanatha Jain Temple originally was a temple dedicated to Mahavira. There are also Jain temples dedicated to Rishabhadeva and Shantinath here.
Rani Bhatiani Temple
Rani Bhatiani Temple is located on the Nakoda-Balotara Road in Jasol and Jasol is some 158 km from Barmer. The area around Jasol was once ruled by the Rajput clan – Mallani for a long period of time. She is especially worshipped by the Manganiar bard community as she is said to have given a divine vision to a Manganiar. Many also refer to this goddess as Majisa or mother and sing songs in her honor. The temple is famous for the miraculous blessings that are showered upon the followers by Goddess Mata Rani Bhatiyani. It is thronged by the devotees all through the year.
Devka Sun Temple
Devka Sun Temple is located in small village Devka situated about 62 km from Barmer on the Jaisalmer-Barmer Road. The temple is known for its incredible architecture. This temple was built in the 12th or 13th century. The village also holds the ruins of two other temples are a Vishnu Temple and another of Lord Ganesha in which sculpture on the stone of Lord Ganesha. The Devka Sun Temple is also a popular attraction of this place.
The Vishnu temple is one of the major attractions of Barmer, located in Khed. Even though the temple is falling apart, still it is a marvel of architecture and has a big aura surrounding it. The temple is surrounded by crumbling walls from all sides, but nevertheless, the glory not lost yet. The temple is disintegrating, yet the architecture is a triumph for the place and a lot of tourists come up here just for the architecture.
Juna Jain Temple
Juna Jain Temple is a workship palce of Jain peoples, which is located at a place called Juna Barmer, it was the main city build by Bar Rao but during Rawat Bhima rule they shifted Barmer to a new place where present city stands and Juna remains as ruins of past glory and old heritage. According to inscriptions on a stone pillar near the temple, was built in the 12th or 13th century. Juna is surrounded by hills and also a small lake. This temple is beautifully nestled between mountain peaks. Juna Barmer was a busy town, but with the time, the people of this town migrated to other places. It is believed that it was those who emigrated formed the now existing Barmer.